Most of us have noticed that babies sometimes have a flat spot at the back of their heads. And while it’s no cause for alarm, it can be a bit unsettling if it appears on your own baby.
This condition is referred to as plagiocephaly, and the most common form (positional plagiocephaly) happens when babies spend a lot of time lying on their backs, as babies often do. Infant’s skulls are soft and pliable, which means prolonged pressure against a mattress or a blanket on the floor can create a flattened area.
Plagiocephaly can also start in the uterus, where movement might be restricted for a variety of reasons. There is also a birth defect called craniosynostosis, in which the joints between the bones of the skull close up early. Babies born with this form of plagiocephaly will need surgery in order for their brains to grow properly.
Most babies that are born vaginally will have a cone-like shape to their head at first. This is totally normal and is just caused by the pressure in the birth canal. It will usually fix itself within six weeks, but if it continues past the six weeks, you’re probably dealing with positional plagiocephaly.
So what’s the solution?
In most cases flat spots on your baby’s head will naturally round themselves back within a few months, but any time you notice a flattening in your child’s head you should talk to your doctor. You want to nip the condition in the bud before your baby’s skull becomes harder and less pliable.
We now know that putting babies to sleep on their backs greatly reduces the chance of SIDS, so having babies sleep on their tummies isn’t the solution. If it’s a mild case and your baby is young, your doctor will probably suggest re-positional therapy. This just means changing your baby’s position regularly and doing exercises that strengthen the neck.
Some tricks include:
Physical therapy could also be recommended, and it can be quite successful in solving the problem and gently increasing the range of motion in your baby’s neck. In more extreme cases, or if these other methods don’t seem to be helping, your doctor might suggest cranial orthotic therapy, which involves using a helmet to change the shape of the head.
The bottom line is, while plagiocephaly might look strange or worrisome, it’s nothing to be scared about. However severe the case is, there’s a treatment that is bound to help.
Also, if your baby is having trouble sleeping make sure to check out The Sleep Sense Program, which gives you an easy-to-follow, step-by-step system designed to get your baby sleeping straight through the night.
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